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Saxophone Mouthpiece Anatomy

Mouthpiece Anatomy

Shown are the different points of a saxophone mouthpiece. A mouthpiece has many essential parts to produce sound. There are more reference points, but this shows you the key areas.


  • Tip and Side Rails
  • Side Walls and Baffle
  • Chamber and Throat
  • Table, Body, and Shank

Saxophone Mouthpiece Tip Opening

Tip Opening

Here is a WC Sax Mouthpiece in a size 7 opening. There is no right tip opening, play what's most comfortable for you to achieve your sound. Why make it difficult on yourself?


  • Small Opening: Size 3 and 4
  • Medium Opening: 5, 6, and 7
  • Large Opening: 8, 9, and 10 

Saxophone Mouthpiece Facing Curve

Facing Curve

  • Short Facing: Will emphasize the upper register for achieving the top tones easier
  • Medium Facing: The middle point of a short and long facing, this will give you the best of both worlds for performance and versatility
  • Long Facing: Will emphasize the lower register giving you a fuller and warmer tone throughout 

Saxophone Mouthpiece Baffle

Baffle Style

Here is a WC Sax Mouthpiece with a Rollover Style Baffle. There are 4 types of saxophone mouthpiece baffles.


  • Straight
  • Rollover 
  • Concave
  • Step

Saxophone Mouthpiece Chamber Size

Chamber Size

The chamber is located inside the larger opening of the mouthpiece. 

  • Small Chamber will increase the airspeed creating a more compact sound and brighter tone
  • Medium Chamber is between a small and large chamber, a perfect blend of color and resistance 
  • Large Chamber will slow down the airspeed producing a darker tone

Mouthpiece Facing/Tip Opening Chart

Soprano Saxophone Facing Chart. Soprano Saxophone Tip Opening Chart.

Note: This is commonly called a Facing Chart (aka) Tip Opening Chart. Technically, the facing is how the mouthpiece curves away from the table to the tip.

Alto Saxophone Facing Chart. Alto Saxophone Tip Opening Chart.

Note: This is commonly called a Facing Chart (aka) Tip Opening Chart. Technically, the facing is how the mouthpiece curves away from the table to the tip.

Tenor Saxophone Facing Chart. Tenor Saxophone Tip Opening Chart.

Note: This is commonly called a Facing Chart (aka) Tip Opening Chart. Technically, the facing is how the mouthpiece curves away from the table to the tip.

WC Sax Saxophone Mouthpiece Model Comparison Chart.

WC Sax Mouthpieces

I put together a brightness scale for you to compare WC Sax Mouthpiece Models from darkest to brightest.

Please keep in mind this is a reference point, some players may get a darker or brighter sound depending on things like human anatomy, embouchure, tip opening, ligature, and reed strength. Thanks, Matt Lee